Indonesian-Domestic-Solid-Waste-Statistics-2008 (2)

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1.

2. YEAR 2008

28. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 22

27. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 21 L. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION 116 95 71 57 50 49 44 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Co mmu n it y initiativ e Retribution Waste treatment like composting, etc Education in Pr ima r y School Managed entirely by c o mmu n it y Co mmu n it y inv olv ement in city planning Waste separation at source Multiple answers Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 126 Answered rate : 27 % Figure. 30 The Way of Public Participation

3. Page - i PREFACE We are very glad for publishing Indonesian Domestic Solid Waste Statistics in Year of 2008. We are grateful to Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for supporting and publishing this book. Arrangement and publishing the book is in right moment as the same time with stipulated Waste Management Law No 18 year 2008. A part of the law mentions that everyone has a right to get the right information, accurate and precise on waste management activity. Waste statistics is preliminary stage which is not easy to collect the data. The information may give a sight to global waste management in Indonesia and may able to become basis for policy decision making for integrated waste management. We hope that the book become useful, especially for waste management execution in a city. Jakarta, August 2008 Deputy Minister for Environmental Pollution Control, State Ministry of Environment Mohd. Gempur Adnan

7. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 1 INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SO LID WASTE STATISTICS YEAR 2008 INTRODUCTION Indonesian State Ministry of Environment has conducted Domestic Solid Waste Statistics activity by questionnaire survey that distributed nationally to 465 (four hundred and sixty five) kota/kabupaten in 33 (thirty three) Provinces throughout Indonesia. The purpose of this activity is to gather information about current condition on Indonesian solid waste management. The results of Indonesian Domestic Solid Waste Statistics include various aspects of the management: authority, waste generati on, and waste handling technique, recycle activity, regulation, finance and public participati on. The survey asks to fill out the data in 2006 year basically (some question accept fill out other year result when local government doesn’t have data of 2006 year). When the question asks the data of a point of time, the survey asks to use data of 31 December 2006 or the nearest existing data in 2006. To represent Indonesian condition, some data are estimated from answered kota/kabupaten based on 6 (six) groups: (1) Metropolitan/Big City, (2) Sumatera, (3) Jawa, (4) Balinusra (Bali and Nusa Tenggara), (5) Kalimantan, and (6) Sumapapua (Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua). Group (1) until (6) include all kota/kabupaten both participating and non-participating adipura citi es. The data output of all kota/kabupaten are groupped based on authority of 5 (five) regional offices of State Ministry of Enviroment: Sumatera, Jawa, Balinusra, Kalimantan, and Sumapapua. Note: (1) The values referred to in the following figures and tables are what were rounded off; because of this, in some cases, the result of calculation does not match with the total.

18. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 12 2% 98% TPA Available TPA Not Available Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 153 Answered rate : 33 % Figure. 11 Presence of TPA Most of TPA in kota/kabupaten is in the city’s administration boundary (Figure 12). From the answered questionnaire, about 6% of TPA is used for internal and external (together with other kota/kabupaten) (Figure 13). 88% 12% In city's administration boundary Outside city's administration boundary Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 139 Answered rate : 30 % Figure. 12 Location of TPA Based on Administration Boundary 6% 94% Internal use for Kota/Kabupaten only Internal and external use (with other Kota/Kabupaten) Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 138 Answered rate : 30 % Figure. 13 Usage of TPA G.2 Land Ownership and Access Road to TPA

8. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 2 A. GENERAL PROFILE A.1 Total Kota/Kabupaten Questionnaires were distributed to 465 kota/kabupaten throughout Indonesia with 33% participation rate of answered kota/kabupaten. The distribution of participating kota/kabupaten based on regional area is shown in Table 1. Table. 1 Amount of Answered Kota/Kabupaten Group Area Number of Kota/Kabupaten Answered rate (%) Sumatera 50 36% Jawa 57 49% Balinusra 11 29% Kalimantan 16 29% Sumapapua 20 17% ALL 154 33% A.2 Total Population Based on the data given by answered kota/kabupaten, total population from participating kota/city is 93,936,261 people, about 40% of Indonesian population (232,656,251 person based on Statistics Indonesia). Table. 2 Total Population of Answered Kota/Kabupaten Group Area Number of Population (person) Answered rate (%) Sumatera 15,382,173 31% Jawa 64,623,161 47% Balinusra 4,090,054 33% Kalimantan 4,924,449 38% Sumapapua 4,916,424 24% ALL 93,936,261 40% B. WASTE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY B.1 Employee Involved in Waste Management Authority Percentage of total employee involved in waste management authority is shown in Figure 1.

16. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 10 46% 38% 14% 2% > 200 M2 60-200 M2 10 M3 Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 81 Answered rate : 17 % Figure. 9 Distribution of Total Area for Transfer Depo F. WASTE TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE The vehicle is limited only for transferri ng waste from TPS and/or household (in some cases) to waste treatment facility and/or TPA. Almost available trucks are owned by local government (Figure 10). Type of most large number is the form of dump truck with volume size of 6 m 3 (Table 9). Estimation number of total truck available is 7,700 trucks (Table 10). 3% 97% Governm ent Trucks Rented Truck s Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 134 Answered rate : 29 % Figure. 10 Owner Distribution of Total Truck Table. 9 Total Amount of Functioning Trucks Type of Transportation Number of Unit Proportion (%) Amroll Truck-6 M 3 Functioning 598 19% Amroll Truck-8 M 3 Functioning 123 4% Amroll Truck-10 M 3 Functioning 184 6% Dump Truck-6 M 3 Functioning 969 31% Dump Truck-8 M 3 Functioning 449 15% Dump Truck-10 M 3 Functioning 156 5% CompactorTruck-6 M 3 Functioning 40 1% Compactor Truck- 8 M 3 Functioning 12 0.4% Compactor Truck- 10 M 3 Functioning 23 1% Truk Biasa- 2 M 3 Functioning 193 6% Truk Biasa- 6 M 3 Functioning 47 2% Truk Biasa- 8 M 3 Functioning 17 1% Others 275 9% TOTAL 3,086 100% Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 142 Answered rate : 31 %

4. Page - ii TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................... 1 A. GENERAL PROFILE ........................................................................................... 2 A.1 Total Kota/Kabupaten........................................................................................... 2 A.2 Total Population ................................................................................................... 2 B. WASTE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY ............................................................... 2 B.1 Employee Involved in Waste Management Authority........................................... 2 B.2 Private Party Involvement .................................................................................... 3 C. WASTE GENERATION ....................................................................................... 4 D. WASTE COLLECTION AND WASTE HANDLING SYSTEM ............................. 6 D.1 Total Population Served ....................................................................................... 6 D.2 Waste Collection Services.................................................................................... 7 D.3 Estimation of Waste Handling System by Community (RT/RW) .......................... 7 E. TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE .......................................................................... 8 E.1 Type and Amount of TPS ..................................................................................... 8 E.2 Transfer Depo ...................................................................................................... 9 F. WASTE TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE ............................................................. 10 G. FINAL DISPOSAL SITE (TPA)............................................................................ 11 G.1 Number and Location of TPA ............................................................................... 11 G.2 Land Ownership and Access Road to TPA .......................................................... 12 G.3 Scavenger in TPA ................................................................................................ 13 G.4 Served Time of TPA and Candidate for New TPA ............................................... 13 G.5 Data Compilation for Waste Entering TPA ........................................................... 14 G.6 Facilities and Monitoring in TPA........................................................................... 15 H. WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY ........................................................................ 17 I. RECYCLE ACTIVITY........................................................................................... 18 J. REGULATION...................................................................................................... 19 K. FINANCIAL ASPECT .......................................................................................... 19 K.1 Source of Financial and Expenditures.................................................................. 19 K.2 Retribution ............................................................................................................ 2 0 L. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ................................................................................... 21

26. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 20 Estimation of total expenditure of waste management in Indonesia is 2,342 billion IDR per the year and the unit cost is 10,070 IDR per capita per the year. Note for Estimation of Total Expenditures : 1) Summarize all the total cost (Total) and totalizing coresponded“served population” per each group (group1-6) 2) Calculating average unit cost per each group by following formula. = total of “cost”÷total of “corresponded served population” 3) Calculating estimation total of each non-answered kota/ kabupaten by following formula. =”served population of each kota/ kabupaten” × ”average unit cost” 4) Totalizing the every kota/ kabupaten cost data. K.2 Retribution Unit for waste retribution charged to community mainly determined by type of house or construction purposes and half of the retr ibution conducted directly by RT/RW. 58 42 5 4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Type of House Construction purposes Electricity voltage Others Some city select multi answers Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 108 Answered rate : 23 % Figure. 28 Base of Retribution Rate 49 27 23 6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Direct payment (RT/RW) Via water bill Via electricity bill Others Multiple answers Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 104 Answered rate : 22 % Figure. 29 Retribution Billing System

10. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 4 77% 23% Private Party Involvement No Private Party Involvement Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 149 Answered rate : 32 % Figure. 2 Presence of Private Party Involvement in Waste Management 7% 9% 4% 5% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% Transportation Treatment Final Disposal Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 149 Answered rate : 32 % Figure. 3 Private Party Involvement in Waste Management C. WASTE GENERATION Waste generation data include waste generation at the sources both from household and non-household. The question asked fill out the data from last 5 years at least. Total of waste generation in Indonesia is shown in Table 4 and Table 5, and generation for each waste composition is shown in Table 6. Table. 4 Total Waste Generation of Answered Kota/Kabupaten Group Area Waste Generation (m 3 /year) Answered Rate (%) Sumatera 8,623,106 31% Jawa 29,413,366 44% Balinusra 1,027,149 26% Kalimantan 916,163 18% Sumapapua 3,233,774 11% ALL 43,213,557 27% Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 126 Answered rate : 27 % Number of population from answered questionnaire : 82,870,801 Answered rate (population base) : 36%

19. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 13 Related information about land ownership and access road to TPA entry is shown in following figures. 93% 4% 3% Belongs to Government Rent Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 141 Answered rate : 30 % Figure. 14 Land Ownership of TPA 16% 5% 3% 76% Asphalt Compacted Soil (origin road) Asphalt & Compacted Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 141 Answered rate : 30 % Figure. 15 Types of Access Road to TPA G.3 Scavenger in TPA Total number of scavengers at TPA in 116 answered kota/kabupaten (with number of popupation of answered kota/kabupaten is 85 million persons) is 14,538 persons. G.4 Served Time of TPA and Candidate for New TPA Kota/kabupaten are requested to estimate the usage period for still-used TPA. From answered kota/kabupaten, 21% of TPA will be closed in next 2 years (Figure 16). And 53% kota/kabupaten did not yet have candidate for new TPA (Figure 17). 37% 18% 22% 23% -2010 -2015 -2020 2021- Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 115

22. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 16 52% 7% 8% 33% 48% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 12 34 Not Available A vailable A vailable - Functioning A vailable - No Functioning A vailable - No Information Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 136 Answered rate : 29 % Figure. 20 Gas Control System at TPA 13% 36% 88% 64% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Ground water Surface water Monitoring available Monitoring not available Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 134 Answered rate : 29 % Figure. 21 Water Quality Monitoring 2% 26% 45% 65% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Surf ace drainage system Retaining w all Liner system Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 137 (Supposition on the same number with the question of Figure 18) Answered rate : 29 % Additional information : Surface drainage system : Designed for collecting precipitation and run off (include gutter, waste slope, etc). Liner system : A barrier layer to intercept leachate and to direct it to leachate collection system and also as part of gas control system Figure. 22 Other Facilities at TPA Existence rate of facility for answered Kota/Kab

23. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 17 Possessional rate of heavy equipment for answered Kota/Kab 84% 50% 36% 28% 16% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Buldozer-Functioning Loader-Functioning Excavator- Functioning Compactor- Functioning Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 137 (Supposition on the same number with the question of Figure 18) Answered rate : 29 % Additional information : Buldozer : For flattering and compacting waste or soil Excavator : For digging, flattering and filling waste or soil Wheel Loader : For digging and filling waste or soil Landfill Compactor : For compacting waste or soil Figure. 23 Heavy Equipments at TPA H. WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY Waste treatment facility is limited for m unicipality facility, including cooperated and permitted private parties. Waste treatment facility including composting facility, incinerator and others waste treatment facility. 243 64 22 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Composting f acility Incinerator Other treatment f acilities Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 154 Answered rate : 33 % Figure. 24 Number of Treatment Facilities

25. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 19 0. 85% 0. 50% 0. 59% 0. 03% 0. 05% 0. 06% 0. 06% 0. 09% 0. 16% 0. 03% 0. 12% 0. 13% 0. 19% 0. 82% 0. 82% 0. 36% 0. 42% 0. 50% 0. 08% 0. 01% 0. 004% 0. 00% 0. 50% 1. 00% 1. 50% 2. 00% 2. 50% Source TPS TPA O rgani cs Metal s Paper Gl asses PET B ottl e Pl asti cs Others Figure. 27 Proportion of Total Recycled Waste at Source, TPS and TPA Note for Calculation of Recycling waste generated from Source Ex. For (Organic) 1) Summarize (Organic) Totalizing waste generation estimation from answered (154) kota/ kabupaten 2) Calculate the percentage of garbage that recycled (B) = (Organic) ÷ (A) 3) This calculation can be applied to estimate other type of waste J. REGULATION K. FINANCIAL ASPECT K.1 Source of Financial and Expenditures Source of expenditures from answered kota/kabupaten is shown in Table 14. Table. 14 Total of Expenditures Group Area Rp/year (in billion) Answered Rate (%) Sumatera 152.8 22% Jawa 370.1 35% Balinusra 50.2 13% Kalimantan 16.1 16% Sumapapua 41.1 8% TOTAL 630.3 20% Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 95 Answered rate : 20 % Total 2.26% Total 2.01% Total 1.60% Recycle rate for waste generation volume

21. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 15 (B) = (A) ÷ served population 4) Estimate the total solid waste end up in TPA for non-answered Kota/Kab = (B) x served population G.6 Facilities and Monitoring in TPA Table and Figure below show availability of functioning facility such as leachate and gas treatment. Other facilities like drainage system, liner and heavy equipment as well as monitoring activities are also identified from kota/kabupaten. 31% 9% 2% 47% 42% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Leachate treatment not available Leachate treatment available (functioning) Leachate treatment available (not functioning) Functioning - Physical treatment Functioning - Chemical treatment Functioning - Biological treatment * Some facilities have multi-treatment (physic/chemical/biological) Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 137 Answered rate : 29 % Additional Information : Physical treatment : Filtration, Sedimentation, Reverse Osmosis (membrane), etc. Chemical treatment : Chemical precipitation, etc. Biological treatment : Facultative pond, Aerated pond, Activated sludge, Rotating Biological Contactor, Packaged Filter Bed, Trickling Filter Bed, etc. Figure. 18 Leachate Treatment in TPA 47% 53% Leachate monitoring available Leachate monitoring not available Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 117 Answered rate : 25 % Figure. 19 Leachate Monitoring in TPA

13. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 7 D.2 Waste Collection Services Waste quantity collected from household is greater than other non-household sources. Waste quantity collected from each sources is estimated (Figure 5). The question asked to fill out the data from last 5 years at least. 16.7 7.7 3.5 3.4 3.1 2.3 1.8 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 Hous ing Area Markets Streets Public Fac ilities Of f ices Industries Others (million tonnes/year) Figure. 5 Estimation of Waste Quantity Collected by Local Government Note for Government Service Rate in Solid Waste Collection 1) Served total solid waste generation (ton/year) is calculated using following formula: = Service rate percentage (e.g. Housing Area) x total solid waste generation 2) Totalizing the generation volume 3) Calculating waste volume for other each kind of collection area by same method. 4) Calculating percentage of waste volume for each kind of collection area. 5) Estimating waste volume of each collection area in Indonesia by following formula. Waste generation in Indonesia x the percentage of waste volume for each kind of collection area D.3 Waste Handling System by Community (RT/RW) Total waste generation could not be transported by local government to final disposal site and as a result several waste handling systems are done by community (Figure 6). The question asked to fill out the data from last 5 years at least.

15. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 9 22% 6% 22% 41% 22% Container TPS-10 M3 Container TPS-8 M3 Container TPS-6 M3 Container TPS-1000 L Other Capacity Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 122 Answered rate : 26 % Figure. 8 Volume Size of Containers Available in TPS From the estimation, there are 50.800 TPS distributed in Indonesia, 40% of TPS located in Sumatera (Table 8). Table. 8 Estimation of Total Amount of TPS Group Area Total TPS (in thousand units) Sumatera 23.3 Jawa 11.8 Balinusra 1.8 Kalimantan 4.0 Sumapapua 18.0 TOTAL 59.0 Note for Estimation of Total TPS Amount 1) Calculate ton/year/TPS unit (A) from answered city per each group = (B): total solid waste generation transported to TPS/TPA (ton/year) (from result of previous estimation method) ÷ total of corresponded (TPS amount) 2) We could estimate amount of TPS by using following formula = (B): total solid waste generation transported to TPS/TPA (ton/year) ÷ (A): Ton/year/TPS unit E.2 Transfer Depo Transfer Depo is temporary waste storage site equipped by area for hand cart / truck to load the waste to the container. Distribution of total area for transfer depo is presented. 9%

11. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 5 Table. 5 Estimation of Total Waste Generation in Indonesia Group Area Waste Generation (million ton/year) Sumatera 8.7 Jawa 21.2 Balinusra 1.3 Kalimantan 2.3 Sumapapua 5.0 TOTAL 38.5 Note for Estimation of Total Waste Generation 1) Converting each answered questionnaire to “Ton/year” for each data (Household Waste, Non- Household Waste, Total waste generation estimation). Average density for household waste is 0.34 ton/m 3 and average density for non-household waste is 0.33 ton/m 3 . 2) Totalizing “Household Waste”, “Non-Household Waste”, “Total waste generation estimation”. 3) Totalizing the above waste generation volume and totalizing corresponded “Total Population” per each group (group1-6) 4) Calculating average unit waste weight per each group by following formula. = total of “waste generation (by weight)”÷total of “corresponded population” 5) Calculating estimation waste generation (by weight) of each kota/ kabupaten by following formula. =”population of each ko ta/ kabupaten (from other data source (BPS stat istics etc.))” × ”average unit waste weight” 6) Totalizing the every kota/ kabupaten data. And then, Metropolitan/Big City (26 cities) generate 14.1 million ton (total population is 40.1 million) in the estimation. Table. 6 Estimation of Waste Generation by Composition Type of Waste Amount (million ton/year) Percentage (%) Garbage 22.4 58% Plastics 5.4 14% Papers 3.6 9% Others 2.3 6% Woods 1.4 4% Glasses 0.7 2% Rubbers / Leathers 0.7 2% Fabrics 0.7 2% Metals 0.7 2% Sands / Inert Material 0.5 1% ALL 38.5 100%

9. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 3 16% 28% 40% 5% 7% 4% Street Sweeper Hand-Cart Labor Truck Driver Final Disposal Waste Officer Administration Officer Others Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 153 Answered rate : 33 % Figure. 1 Distribution of Different Employee in Answered Kota/Kabupaten Waste Management Authority Estimation of total employee involved in waste management authority is 73,462 persons. Table. 3 Estimation of Total Employee Involved in Waste Management Authority Group Area Number of Employee (in thousand person) Sumatera 20.5 Jawa 31.9 Balinusra 5.9 Kalimantan 4.3 Sumapapua 10.8 ALL 73.5 Note for Estimation of total employee in kota/kabupaten: 1) Calculating “Served population” by following formula per each answered questionnaire. = “Percentage Total population served” ×”Total population” from answered questionnaire. 2) Totalizing “Total Employee” which is answered, and totalizing corresponded “Served population” per each group (group1-6) 3) Calculating average unit per each group (from group1–6) by following formula = total of “Total Employee” ÷ total of corresponded “served population” 4) Estimating “Total employee” of each non-answered kota/ kabupaten = “served population (the data is estimated also in this work)” × ”the average unit” 5) Totalizing the every kota/ kabupaten data. B.2 Private Party Involvement Private party is involved in different stages of waste operational activity including transportation, treatment, final disposal and others.

12. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 6 Note for Estimation of Solid Waste Composition Generation 1) Calculating “Garbage Generation (by Weight)” per each answered questionnaire =” Waste generation (by Weight (Ton/ year))” × ”Garbage waste composition(%)” 2) Totalizing “Garbage Generation (by Weight)” which is calculated 3) Calculating other kind of waste generation data by same method. 4) Calculating percentage of each kind waste composition. D. WASTE COLLECTION AN D WASTE HANDLING SYSTEM D.1 Total Population Served Percentage of population served from answered kota/kabupaten is different among the cities. Distribution of the percentage could be seen in Figure 4 below. 16% 16% 28% 26% 14% 0-20% (not include 20%) 20-40% 40-60% 60-80% 80-100% Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 128 Answered rate : 28 % Figure. 4 Percentage of Total Population Served from Answered Kota/Kabupaten Estimation of total population served by waste management authority throughout Indonesia is about 130 million people (56% from total population of Indonesia). Table. 7 Estimation of Population Served Group Area Total Population (in million) Served Population (in million) % Population Served Sumatera 49.3 23.5 48% Jawa 137.2 80.8 59% Balinusra 12.6 6.0 47% Kalimantan 12.9 6.0 46% Sumapapua 20.8 14.2 68% All 232.7 130.3 56% Note for Estimation of total population served 1) Calculate all the population served from answered city by following formula: A = (% of total population served) x (Total population) 2) Find the average percentage of population served for each group by following formula: B = (A): Total population served from answered city ÷ Total population of answered city

20. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 14 Answered rate : 25 % Figure. 16 Estimation of TPA Usage 30% 17% 53% Yes, candidate has been decided (DPRD agree) Yes, candidate has been decided (DPRD not yet agree) No candidate Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 129 Answered rate : 28 % Figure. 17 Candidate for New TPA G.5 Data Compilation for Waste Entering TPA Not all TPA administrator recorded volume of waste entering TPA (Table 12). From the estimation, 13.6 million ton of waste has been disposed to all TPA in Indonesia (Table 13). Table. 12 Record of Waste Volume Entering TPA Group Area Waste volume (in million m 3 /year) Answered Rate (%) Sumatera 1.5 17% Jawa 8.8 42% Balinusra 0.5 11% Kalimantan 1.4 13% Sumapapua 1.6 9% TOTAL 13.8 20% Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 94 Answered rate : 20 % Number of population from answered questionnaire : 73,314,214 Answered rate (population base) : 32% Table. 13 Estimation of Waste Disposed into TPA Group Area Waste disposed into TPA (million ton/year) Sumatera 2.5 Jawa 7.0 Balinusra 1.7 Kalimantan 0.7 Sumapapua 1.6 TOTAL 13.6 Note for Estimation of So lid Waste Record Procedure 1) Use waste density average : 0.31 ton/m 3 2) Convert total solid waste end up in TPA landfill (m 3 /year) to ton/year (A)= (Solid waste volume end up in TPA landfill) x (Solid waste density) 3) Compare total solid waste end up in TPA landfill to served population per each group

24. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 18 Figure. 25 Proportion of Waste Treatment at Facility Note for Calculation of Solid Waste Treatment : For Waste Accepted : 1) Totalizing Total of (Estimated) ‘Waste Generation’ (ton/year). 2) Convert Total of ‘Waste Generation’ into m 3 /year (using waste density : 0.35 ton/year). 3) Totalizing ‘Waste accepted’ from answered kota/kabupaten (m 3 /year). 4) Calculating percentage of ‘Waste accepted’ using this following formula = Total of ‘Waste accepted’ (m 3 /year ) ÷ Total of ‘Waste Generation’ (m 3 /year ) from answered 154 kota/kabupaten. 5) We can find the percentage of ‘Waste proc essed’ and ‘Product produced’ using the same method. I. RECYCLE ACTIVITY Recycle activities are conducted at source, TPS and TPA. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle activities in these questions are limited for Municipalities 3R program (including cooperated and permitted private parties). The statistics asked the respondent to not include scavengers / waste pickers activity, except if the activity is part of government program). 57% 44% 26% 29% 43% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Conducted At Source At TPS At TPA Not Conducted Some city select multi answers Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 137 Answered rate : 29 % Figure. 26 3R activities at Source, TPS and TPA Waste accepted 0.08% Product produced Composting facility Waste processed 0.70% 0.23% Residue Incinerator Waste processed 0.04% 0.002% Product produced Other treatment facility Waste processed 0.02% 0.001% Waste accepted 2.72% Waste accepted 0.02% Rejected Rejected Rejected

14. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 8 1. 6 11. 5 1. 2 1. 1 0. 8 0. 5 0. 0 2. 0 4. 0 6. 0 8. 0 10. 0 12. 0 14. 0 Transported to TPS/TPA B u rri ed Com posted O thers Burnt Di sposed to Ri vers ( mi l l i on ton/year) Figure. 6 Estimation of Waste Handling Systems After Waste Collected by Community from Housing Area Note for Waste Handling Systems after waste collected by community 1) Total solid waste generation (ton/year) from Housing Area for each different handling system is calculated using following formula: = Waste handling percentage (e.g. Transported to TPS/TPA) x total solid waste generation from Housing Area 2) Totalizing the generation volume. 3) Calculating waste volume for other each kind of waste handling by same method. 4) Calculating percentage of waste volume for each kind of waste handling. 5) Estimating waste weight of each waste handling in Indonesia by following formula. = Percentage of waste generation for each different waste handling system x Waste density at household x Estimation of household waste generation in Indonesia E. TEMPORARY DISPOSAL SITE E.1 Type and Amount of TPS TPS is temporary waste storage that based on its type, it can be divided into permanent building, semi permanent building and only container. From answered kota/kabupaten data, it is found that 39% of total TPS are in the form of semi permanent building (Figure 7). In other hand, 41% of total amount of containers available in TPS are having volume of 6 m 3 (Figure 8). ƒ TPS : Temporary waste disposal site without any base for hand-cart / truck to loading the waste to the container ƒ Permanent building : Construction with roof and pavement ƒ Semi permanent building : Only pavement ƒ Only container : Without any construction / pavement at TPS Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 133 Answered rate : 29 % Figure. 7 Type of TPS 39% 27% 34% TPS-Permanent Building TPS-Semi Permanent Building TPS-Container Only

17. INDONESIAN DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE STATISTICS IN YEAR OF 2008 Page - 11 Additional Information : Armroll Truck : Truck which is able to transport container directly Dump Truck : Truck which is provided hydraulic system Truck Biasa / Pick Up : Truck which is only provided a basin for waste without hydraulic system Compactor Truck : Truck which is provided with waste compaction system Table. 10 Estimation of Total Truck Amount Group Area Total Truck (in thousand units) Sumatera 2.0 Jawa 3.6 Balinusra 0.2 Kalimantan 0.4 Sumapapua 1.4 All 7.7 Note for Estimation of Total Truck Amount 1) Totalize total waste transported to TPS/TPA per each group: (A) = (% Waste transported to TPS/TPA) x Total waste generation 2) Totalize truck per volume of waste transported to TPA : (B) = (Truck owned by government + Rental truck) ÷ (A) 3) We can estimate Kota/Kab using this following formula : (A) from each kota/kab x (B) G. FINAL DISPOSAL SITE (TPA) G.1 Number and Location of TPA From answered questionnaire, almost Kota/Kabupaten have 1 (one) TPA (Table 11). Table. 11 Number of Still-Used TPA Group Area Number of TPA Number of answered kota/kab Sumatera 57 50 Jawa 75 56 Balinusra 11 11 Kalimantan 19 16 Sumapapua 17 20 ALL 179 153 Number of answered Kota/Kabupaten : 153 Answered rate : 33 %

6. Page - iv TABLE OF TABLES Table. 1 Amount of Answered Kota/Kabupaten ........................................................ 2 Table. 2 Total Population of Answered Kota/Kabupaten........................................... 2 Table. 3 Estimation of Total Employee Involved in Waste Management Authority ... 3 Table. 4 Total Waste Generation of Answered Kota/Kabupaten............................... 4 Table. 5 Estimation of Total Waste Generation in Indonesia .................................... 5 Table. 6 Estimation of Waste Generation by Composition ........................................ 5 Table. 7 Estimation of Population Served ................................................................. 6 Table. 8 Estimation of Total Amount of TPS ............................................................. 9 Table. 9 Total Amount of Functioning Trucks............................................................ 10 Table. 10 Estimation of Total Truck Amount ............................................................... 11 Table. 11 Number of Still-Used TPA ........................................................................... 11 Table. 12 Record of Waste Volume Entering TPA ...................................................... 14 Table. 13 Estimation of Waste Disposed into TPA...................................................... 15 Table. 14 Total of Expenditures................................................................................... 19

5. Page - iii TABLE OF FIGURES Figure. 1 Distribution of Different Employee in Answered Kota/Kabupaten Waste Management Authority .............................................................................. 3 Figure. 2 Presence of Private Party Involvement in Waste Management ................ 4 Figure. 3 Private Party Involvement in Waste Management .................................... 4 Figure. 4 Percentage of Total Population Served from Answered Kota/Kabupaten. 6 Figure. 5 Estimation of Waste Quantity Collected by Local Government................. 7 Figure. 6 Estimation of Waste Handling Systems after Waste Collected by Community from Household...................................................................... 8 Figure. 7 Type of TPS .............................................................................................. 8 Figure. 8 Volume Size of Containers Available in TPS ............................................ 9 Figure. 9 Distribution of Total Area for Transfer Depo.............................................. 10 Figure. 10 Owner Distribution of Total Truck.............................................................. 10 Figure. 11 Presence of TPA ....................................................................................... 12 Figure. 12 Location of TPA Based on Administration Boundary ................................ 12 Figure. 13 Usage of TPA ............................................................................................ 12 Figure. 14 Land Ownership of TPA ............................................................................ 13 Figure. 15 Types of Access Road to TPA .................................................................. 13 Figure. 16 Estimation of TPA Usage .......................................................................... 13 Figure. 17 Candidate for New TPA ............................................................................ 14 Figure. 18 Leachate Treatment in TPA ...................................................................... 15 Figure. 19 Leachate Monitoring in TPA ...................................................................... 15 Figure. 20 Gas Control System at TPA ...................................................................... 16 Figure. 21 Water Quality Monitoring........................................................................... 16 Figure. 22 Other Facilities at TPA .............................................................................. 16 Figure. 23 Heavy Equipments at TPA ........................................................................ 17 Figure. 24 Number of Treatment Facilities ................................................................. 17 Figure. 25 Proportion of Waste Treatment at Facility ................................................. 18 Figure. 26 3R activities at Source, TPS and TPA....................................................... 18 Figure. 27 Proportion of Total Recycled Waste at Source, TPS and TPA ................. 19 Figure. 28 Base of Retribution Rate ........................................................................... 20 Figure. 29 Retribution Billi ng System ......................................................................... 20 Figure. 30 The Way of Public Participation ................................................................ 21

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