Technical and Institutional Capacity Development Studies and Training
1. Basic training and comparative study of waste management systems in Jakarta and Singapore
Referring to the Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation number 81 of 2012 concerning Management of Household Waste and Waste Similar to Household Waste that everyone is obliged to carry out waste reduction and waste handling. Based on the records of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, currently it is estimated that national waste generation will reach 200,000 tons / day or the equivalent of 73 million tons / year. Most of the waste is sent to the landfill, so that around 60% of the TPA in Indonesia reaches the maximum capacity limit in 2015 (Anih Suryani, 2017).
A glimpse of waste management in general in Indonesia, waste is transported from homes / markets / areas using motorized carts / carts to the TPS and then transported to the TPA by truck. So it can be said that the heart of waste management for cities in Indonesia is TPA, thus, for metropolitan cities with an unusually large amount of waste (Jakarta, for example 7000 tonnes / day) there needs to be an alternative final waste processing, so that the TPA burden can be reduced. Alternative use of an incinerator with proven technology to be reliable, can reduce waste volume by up to 90%, does not require too large a land area (4 hectares for a capacity of 1000 tons of waste / day compared to 25 hectares if using landfill technology), and can be operated close to a waste source To reduce transportation costs is one option that really needs to be considered, especially since the pre-FS for the Jakarta incinerator facility has existed since 1987. Unfortunately, until now, this incinerator technology still raises pros and cons because it originates from ignorance, so it needs comprehensive education on management. municipal waste by using this incinerator technology.
One way to accelerate the learning process is to visit a country that already has a proper waste management system and uses incinerator technology, so that by seeing and learning directly from waste management actors in that country, it is hoped that participants will be able to innovate with policies and oversee waste management in Indonesia. to the correct standard. The destination country for this training is Singapore, this country has a similarity to the city of Jakarta and is very advanced in the use of its incinerator technology to manage municipal waste.
2. Field Study of alternative waste management solutions
Field Study is one of the approaches undertaken by InSWA to reach out to the community. The community is interested in learning about waste, about the current condition of waste management, through their direct community involvement and seeing certain facilities for waste management. Through this training InSWA organized a two-day tour to the largest landfill in Indonesia, the Bantargebang TPA in Bekasi, followed by learning how to make household compost in a nice neighborhood in South Jakarta. The Waste Tour also facilitates visits to plastic factories that have applied biodegradable plastic technology, as well as learning basic knowledge of plastics from experts at the Polymer Technology Center.
3. 3R training (reduce, reuse, recycle) and waste management systems
In order to build a system and public awareness about waste management is through training for the community. InSWA in collaboration with various institutions has conducted training on basic management materials which aims to:
- Instilling a culture of clean living in the community through an understanding of the benefits of waste management and its social effects
- Providing education to the public about "wisely managing waste"
- Provide practical training on waste processing
As for the material taught, among others:
- Garbage is my responsibility (Basic knowledge of what garbage is and how to manage it)
- The basic theory and simulation of waste bank management are reviewed from five aspects of waste management
- The basic theory of composting
- The theory of making recycled handicrafts
- Recycled papermaking theory
The training that has been carried out
- PT. Pertamina Hulu Energy North and West Java ( PHE ONWJ) – Th. 2015, 2016, 2018
- Superindo Green Community Bandung - Th. 2016
- PT. Awakening Jawa Bali UP Muara Karang-Th 2015 - 2016
- Superindo Berkebun Bekasi dan Ciputat – Th 2018
- Kasir Superindo Jabodetabek – Th 2017 – 2018
- Komunitas KSM Kota Bogor – Th 2016
- Sekolah Alam Cikeas – Th. 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
- Sekolah Alam Bintaro – Th. 2017
- SD Pangudi luhur Jakarta – Th. 2018
- SMP Noah – Th 2017, 2018
- SD Green Mntessory Jakarta, Th 2018
- Binus School Jakarta, Th 2018
4. Outreach and capacity building with Global Methane Initiative (GMI) - USEPA
Based on Law Number 18 of 2008, in 2013, landfills in Indonesia are prohibited from using open dumps. Since early 2011, InSWA has collaborated with GMI-USEPA to focus on methane gas reduction programs in landfills. Therefore, GMI and InSWA have agreed to support the implementation of sanitary landfills as the key to reducing methane gas and protecting the environment.
Through a series of meetings, InSWA has supported GMI with the latest data and status of the TPA program, access and coordination with the Ministry, and assisted during field visits to several landfills in Indonesia. InSWA is also actively involved in the GMI TPA Sub-committee Meeting in Krakov, Poland, and also recently held in Singapore.
As part of the Asia Pacific Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (APRSCP) in Yogyakarta in November 2011, GMI-USEPA has started to spread its program in Indonesia. The outreach continues until a recent “Landfill Improvement Management” workshop was held in Jakarta. The workshop was organized and funded by the Ministry of Public Works, InSWA and USEPA, attended by elected representatives from 17 Local Governments. The main topic of the workshop was the basic operations of sanitary landfills with a focus on the experience presented by a landfill manager in Elkland, Maryland, United States.
Year: 2011 - the next few years
Location: Jakarta (National Level)
Parties involved :
1. GMI- USEPA
2. SCS Engineers
3. PT. Osana International
4. Ministry of Public Works
5. Ministry of Environment
6. 17 Local Government